Thyroid disease is basically a group of diseases that are related to the thyroid gland. It is a disease that can affect a lot of body functions ranging from the heart rate of the body to the metabolism of the body. But in some cases, the thyroid can also affect the eyes of the person. In this disease, the thyroid gland secretes a hormone that regulates some essential functions of the body.
Does Thyroid Affect Your Eyes?
The two main kinds of thyroid disease are known as hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. When there is a lot of thyroid hormones in the thyroid gland, then this condition is known as hyperthyroidism. On the other hand, when there is too little thyroid hormone, it is known as hypothyroidism. Both are the kind of conditions that can lead to plenty of symptoms.
Why doesn’t thyroid disease affect the eyes?
Generally, the underactive thyroid is not the thing that can lead to eye-related issues. On the other hand, hyperthyroidism is a thing that can be caused by graves’ disease that is well known for affecting the eyes. You need to know that graves’ disease involved the immune system, which is giving abnormal responses that result in the overproduction of the thyroid hormone. It releases antibodies that can also target the tissues of your eyes. It is essential for you to understand that the main reason for which the graves’ disease occurs and the increased level of thyroid hormone affect the eyes is not well understood by the researchers.
But it seems like the connective tissues of the eye sockets consist of protein which is similar to that kind of protein that is present in the thyroid gland. According to the studies, graves diseases lead to the development of symptoms that are linked with the eyes. You should know that when the graves’ disease affects your eyes, then this condition is also known as ophthalmopathy. In such conditions, the eye tissues generally swell, and they become inflamed. Some of the symptoms include.
- Puffiness and redness of the eyes
- Pain in the eyes
- Bulging eyes
- Light sensitivity of the ye
- Dry eye
One of the most severe complications that can occur due to the grave’s ophthalmopathy is the loss of vision of the eye. If the swelling of your eyes becomes severe, then it can lead to a decrease in the vision of the eyes.
✔️ Use eye pads
Some people might face the issue of closing their eyes entirely while they are sleeping, which also leads to the dryness of the eyes. Wearing eye pads or an eye mask at night can help in keeping your eye closed when you are taking a good night’s sleep.
✔️ Wear particular sort of glasses
Some unique kinds of glasses available can help decrease double vision, which starts to develop when the graves’ ophthalmopathy begins.
✔️ Completely avoid smoking
You should know that smoking is very dangerous for your health. Smoking leads to making the symptoms of the graves ophthalmopathy even worse. If you are smoking, then you need to talk to your doctor about the methods by which it can help in quitting smoking altogether.
✔️ Take steroids
It is crucial for you to know that steroids can be sued for treating the inflammation and the swelling in the eyes, which are both responsible for affecting the optic nerve as well as it also lurks the vision. Well, you should know that the medication for it can be taken orally or intravenously according to the severity of your symptoms.
If your doctor has recommended you to have steroids, then you should know about some of its side effects which include the increased weight, change in mood, and increased risk of having the infection. Well, the one thing that you need to be clear of is that the risk of the side effect of steroid mainly depend on the dosage of steroids and the time length for which the medication has been taken.
✔️ Eye drops
The graves ophthalmopathy can also lead to dryness and irritation in the eyes. However, the eye drops can help bring back the moisture and the comfort which your eye requires.
You Might Also Like To Read: How To Get Rid Of Bags Under The Eyes Naturally?